Integrated Researcher (without Phd)
Maria João Oliveira
Digital Architecture; Biomimicry; CAD/CAM; Materials; Material Performance; Responsive and Performative Systems
Maria João de Oliveira / PhD student in Architecture at the ISCTE-IUL. Master in Architecture and Urbanism at ISCTE-IUL. Specialization in Situations Reports on Architecture and Urbanity. By SITREP.AT New York City-based “design tank. Postgraduated in Digital Architecture by the Advanced Studies Course in Digital Architecture Program of ISCTE-IUL/FAUP, with an Amorim Isolamentos Scholarship. Currently, teaches "Digital Tools and Methods of Representation of Design", in the course of Interior Design, at LSD - Lisbon School of Design, Lisbon. Her interests focuse at developing automated design and construction models, innovative materials applications, modular and interactive physical systems, and social and participatory methods for technology development. Works and publishes in Biodigital Applications in Architecture, Digital Fabrication and Open Hardware.
Biomimetic studies face several obstacles, especially when translating natural concepts into technical systems. Most biomimetic approaches only focus on individual parts rather than the whole system. Understanding adaptation, the connection between internal and external factors – ecosystem and processes, versus, form and behavior – should be established to successfully approach and achieve functional systems. The design of adaptive and natural systems is similar, dealing with very different factors and conditions. Most research attempts to understand the structural, procedural and informational aspects of biomimetics. However, there are still some difficulties in terms of classifying biomimicry concepts due to the inevitable overlap of many categories and the complexity of having to describe biological systems. Several theories, concepts, issues, approaches, methodologies, materials from nature, developed materials and systems in architectural applications based on developed models and research studies are discussed. The study develops a link between technical and functional aspects biomimicry, classifying and comparing adaptive approaches in biological, engineering and architectural fields to create a connection between biological systems and building skins.
Link to DINÂMIA'CET-IUL identifying mission:
As part of the research on Towards a Bio-Shading System Concept Design Methodology - in the thematic area of Cities and Territories, with the guidelines of spatial morphology and sustainability, this research finds its roots and foundations in pluridisciplinarity and interdisciplinarity. The disciplinary cross between architecture, ways of dwelling, space as a mental realization of the human being, biology, materials engineering, and computing - is the fundamental ingredient in the development of ongoing research.
de OLIVEIRA Maria João, RATO Vasco Moreira, LEITÃO Carla, 2016. Responsiveness Based Material – [a] Passive Shading Control System. CRC Press/Balkema – Taylor and Francis Group. Engineering and construction, in proceedings of the European conference on product and process Modelling, (ECPPM), Limassol, Cyprus.
NASCIMENTO Susana, PÓLVORA Alexandre, PAIO Alexandra, OLIVEIRA Sancho, RATO Vasco, De OLIVEIRA Maria João, VARELA Bárbara and SOUSA João, 2016. Sustainable Technologies and Transdisciplinary Futures: From Collaborative Design to Digital Fabrication. Science as Culture. Berlin: Springer.
de Oliveira, M.J. & Moreira Rato, V., 2015. FROM MORPHOGENETIC DATA TO PERFORMA- TIVE BEHAVIOUR. In J. Yasushi Ikeda (Keio University et al., eds. Emerging Experiences in the PAst, Present and Future of Digital Architecture. CAADRIA 2015, 20th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia. Daegu: The Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA), Hong Kong, pp. 765–774.
de Oliveira, M. & Rato, V.M., 2014. CORK’EWS From microstructural composition into macrostructural performance. In A. (ESARQ U. Estevez, ed. 2nd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF biodigital architecture & genetics. Barcelona: ESARQ UIC, pp. 320–330.
de Oliveira, M.J., Paio, A. & Rato, V.M., 2012. FABRICATING A LIVING SYSTEM -UPLOADING THE DESIGN PROCESS INTO MATERIALITY PERFORMANCE. In A. A. YALDIZ et al., eds. Architectural and Technology. ICONARCH I, International Congress 15-17 November 2012 Konya. Konya: Damla Offset, pp. 294–302.
Living System - A Discursive Wall (2011-2012)
CORK'EWS Uploading Micro Structural Composition into Materiality Performace (2012-2013)
Vaulted Cork Pavillion (2013)
Morfogénese Musical (2013-2015)